The world's smallest town
One lesser-known fact about Croatia is that it is home to the world's smallest town, Hum. Located in the central part of the country, Hum has a population of only about 20 people. The town is known for its picturesque stone houses and medieval architecture. Hum is also famous for its unique Glagolitic script, one of the oldest known scripts used for writing the Croatian language. Despite its small size, Hum attracts visitors who are intrigued by its charming atmosphere and historical significance.
Oldest continuously inhabited city in Europe
Croatia is home to the oldest continuously inhabited city in Europe. The city of Pula, located on the Istrian Peninsula, has a history that dates back over 3,000 years. It was originally settled by the Illyrians and later became a significant Roman colony known as "Pietas Julia." Today, Pula is renowned for its well-preserved Roman ruins, most notably the impressive Pula Arena, an ancient Roman amphitheater that still hosts cultural events and concerts. Exploring the streets of Pula provides visitors with a fascinating glimpse into Croatia's ancient past and rich historical heritage.
Croatia is known for having one of the most extensive and well-preserved cave systems in the world. The Škocjan Caves, located in the Karst region of Slovenia and extending into Croatia, are a UNESCO World Heritage site. These caves feature a vast underground canyon, reaching up to 140 meters (460 feet) in height. The highlight of the Škocjan Caves is the Martel's Chamber, one of the largest underground chambers in the world. The cave system is home to diverse flora and fauna, including rare and endemic species. Exploring the underground wonders of the Škocjan Caves provides visitors with a unique and awe-inspiring experience.
World's narrowest street
Croatia is home to the world's narrowest street. Located in the city of Vrbnik on the island of Krk, the street is called "Klančić". It measures just 43 centimeters (17 inches) wide at its narrowest point, making it a fascinating and unusual sight to behold. The street's narrow width is a result of the tightly packed medieval architecture in the old town of Vrbnik. Visitors can stroll through this narrow street and marvel at its unique charm, providing an unforgettable experience in Croatia.
Croatia is home to the largest truffle ever found. In 1999, near the town of Buje in Istria, Croatia, a gigantic white truffle weighing 1.31 kilograms (2.89 pounds) was discovered. This enormous truffle set a world record at the time and attracted considerable attention from truffle enthusiasts and gastronomes worldwide. Truffles are highly prized and sought after for their unique and intense flavor, making this discovery a remarkable event in the culinary world. Croatia's Istrian region is known for its truffle-rich forests, and truffle hunting and truffle-based dishes are popular attractions for visitors to the area.
Croatia is home to the Zrmanja River, known for its unique combination of breathtaking beauty and thrilling adventure. The river cuts through the dramatic karst landscape, creating cascading waterfalls, deep canyons, and crystal-clear pools. What makes Zrmanja particularly special is that it offers exciting opportunities for river rafting and kayaking. The river's rapids and cascades provide an exhilarating experience for adventure enthusiasts, while the stunning scenery along the way adds to the charm. Zrmanja River has become a popular destination for outdoor activities and nature lovers seeking both adrenaline and natural beauty in Croatia.
Smallest inhabited island in the Adriatic Sea
Croatia is home to the smallest inhabited island in the Adriatic Sea. Located near the town of Tisno, the island of Krapanj has a surface area of just 0.36 square kilometers (0.14 square miles) and a population of around 200 people. The island has a rich history of sponge diving and is known for its centuries-old tradition of crafting natural sea sponges.
European Capital of Culture for 2020
The town of Rijeka, located on Croatia's northern Adriatic coast, is not only a bustling port but also holds the unique distinction of being the European Capital of Culture for 2020. This title highlights the city's vibrant cultural scene, rich history, and diverse artistic heritage.
Oldest continuously inhabited settlements in Europe
The Croatian town of Vinkovci is believed to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements in Europe. Archaeological evidence suggests that people have lived in the area for over 8,000 years. The town's rich heritage is evident in its well-preserved Roman artifacts, medieval architecture, and cultural traditions.
Oldest continuously cultivated vineyard
Croatia is known for its exceptional wine production, and one interesting fact is that it is home to the world's oldest continuously cultivated vineyard. The Stari Podrum vineyard in the village of Kutjevo has been producing wine for over 800 years, making it a testament to Croatia's long-standing winemaking tradition.
Strong wind "bura"
The Bura wind is a unique meteorological phenomenon in Croatia. It is a strong, cold northeasterly wind that blows along the Adriatic coast. The Bura wind can reach high speeds, often exceeding 100 km/h (62 mph), and its gusts are known to be powerful enough to knock people off their feet. "Reful" is strong rush of "bura" wind.
Croatia from eye of professional photographers Croatia pictures
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